Work from January to March, is more nominal, and it is not critical in any way, so I didn’t rush much in explaining it. Furthermore, it is logical, so should be easy to follow. In following lines, we will go through work on apiary in January.
Since mid January, Queens most likely will start laying eggs, after a period of silence. Problematic issue in this month is if temperatures jump significantly higher it will cause Queens to lay larva more than the capacity/number of honeybees to cover it. Which is crucial to prevent brood from freezing. But if temperatures are stable, without too sharp temperature jumps everything should be okay.
Explanation of Work on Apiary in January
If you are concerned, based on your knowledge of amount of food which colonies had before winter you can help them out. If you are certain that they ate their food reserves, you can add sugar patties on sunny days. I suggest to avoid sugar syrups, out of doubt for purity of first honey. You also want to read this article to make sure that honey which you will extract later in season is pure!
Experienced beekeepers can resort to listening of the honeybee buzz in their colonies. Stable colonies have mild and stable buzz, while colonies with problems within hive, regarding food or Queen will have stronger buzz. This buzz sometimes can be heard further from supers.
Naturally, make sure that honeybees are having a good rest in peace and quiet. Invest your free time in melting old combs, assembling new supers/boxes etc. This is start of yet another year, since there is not much to do on apiary itself, it is perfect time to learn more. You can read useful literature which will increase your knowledge about beekeeping. Ask more experienced beekeeper for advice! Wish you good year with enormous harvest!