As I explained works per each month, we came to Work in September. This hopefully will help you to orientate yourself little better. Depending on your location, September in Europe might as well mean end of harvesting season for honey. There might be few more blossoms in nature, but whatever your workers would gather, it will simply serve as addition to their own reserves for winter. This is month usually reserved for honey fairs, reading literature and increasing in beekeeping knowledge.
By the end of this month, winter honeybees will take place of summer honeybees. As queen previously started laying less and less eggs, so will number of winter honeybees bee significantly less than of summer honeybees. Detailed controls of your hives are not done anymore, if there is no need for it.
Work in September
Work on apiary is almost insignificant and it is directed on making sure that you are entering winter with well prepared colonies, and it includes following:
Finish feeding your colonies with sugar syrup in ratio 2:1 in favor of sugar. If your colonies still do not have enough food in reserve for winter, then you may complete it by adding few more doses. You should complete Feeding end of first week of September. Do not give young colonies more than they can digest into honey or more food than they actually would need.
Continue treatments against varroa destructor. If you took chemical treatment path, it would be wise to chose other chemical this time. Reason for that is so that varroa wouldn’t get too resistant to same chemical.
Exchange supers by putting honey super on base and brood super above it. By doing this you will lift super with queen and brood higher, further from entrance and cold air. Exchanging supers will protect your colony in case of sudden temperature drop.
General work anon your apiary regarding hygiene, water supplies, traps and other required work. Since worker honeybees are still going outside, make sure that your water supplies are at perfect condition.
You might enjoy taking a break or you may start assembling your supers or honeycombs for next season. You can also foicus on learning more about beekeeping and honeybees.
Since work with honeybees depends on external elements, consult yourself with other beekeepers in your area. This timetable of work is for a particular region of Balkan, there are different timetables of work due to possible climate differences.