Temperature in October is getting lower and lower which has effect on environment too. Honeybees are slowly stopping their work. Simialry your work in October at apiary is lesser than during earlier months. Except for little bit of pollen which honeybees still gather during warmer days, this month is marking the end of season for beekeepers in Europe.
Work in October
Inside hive/super honeybees are slowly starting to form the cluster around queen in center of hive. Forming cluster allows honeybees to maintain temperature inside hive. Last generation of honeybees is brought up by earlier generation of winter honeybees. This last generation of winter honeybees will be workers in early spring and would bring forward first generation of honeybees for next season.
By now, reserves of food for winter should be abundant and beekeepers should avoid giving syrups in this period to ensure that winter honeybees are not exhausted by any work. Adding syrups now will do just that, exhaust your winter honeybees and make them lazy in spring!
During this month queen will stop laying eggs until next year (end of winter). Lack of brood in this period means that varroa would remain on bodies of honeybees. If not treated, this could decimate entire colony. Treatments against varroa mite should be continued to ensure that your colonies enter into winter cleansed as much as possible. Healthier honeybees are before winter, stronger they are at start of spring!
Limit entrances to colonies to help honeybees to keep temperature at desired degree easier. This would also prevent invasion from colonies whos owners didn’t provide enough food for this time of year.
Of course, just like with before, consult yourself with local beekeepers to adjust the instructions to regional and local climate and seasons.
If you found “Work in October at Apiary” useful make sure to check other articles in Beekeeping category.