March is first month of “new Year” which contains actual work at your Apiary, and from this month starts your focus on development of your colonies. This month starts with usual loss of honeybees, due to still higher mortality than natality inside your of colonies. Nevertheless, this is month when things start changing and when your colonies will snatch away from mortality and start working. For all those which were able to follow calendar of work because of matching climate and regional closeness, this article will explain to you the work at apiary in march.
With more beautiful, beautiful, sunny days and pollen in nature, you will see harvesters going out more often and returning with baskets on their feet filled with pollen.
Two are important tasks in this month, of which one is unavoidable for all beekeepers! It is spring inspection, as well as merging of colonies which lost too much from their numbers during winter.
Explanation of Tasks
On first sunny day when temperature reaches above 18 degrees Celsius you will do detailed inspection of your colonies. But don’t elongate it, as your honeybees do feel cold! Your main job is to see how much food do colonies have, and how active your Queens are. By Queen activity here I mean to check how many frames of larva they laid, if you do not see any larva, you most likely lost the Queen during winter and you might need to add new one! If you are still rookie and you do not know how brood looks like, I suggest to call more experienced beekeeper.
Second task is option and it refers to stimulation feeds, if needed. Some beekeepers use last years honey, some add sugar feeds. Reason for this stimulation feed is to increase productivity of honeybees. Busy honeybee are happy honeybee! Plus your Queens will lay more larvae as they will feel that they are in abundance of food. For those beekeepers which will use stimulation food based on sugar, this article is must read for you, so that sugar wouldn’t mix up with your actual honey during extraction.
Finally this month young honeybees start to produce beeswax, so to keep them content and busy, which will prevent swarming instinct you will constantly be adding 1-2 frames with honeybees wax foundation as first or final frame in super. Your young honeybees will be busy, will have place to secrete their wax, and will build combs, plus you will slowly produce frames for later purposes.